نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه الزهرا(س)

چکیده

دیدگاه­های زبان­آموزان در مورد مفهوم فرهنگ و بازتاب آن در
 آموزش زبان انگلیسی به دانشجویان ایرانی
 
الهه ستوده‌نما
سوسن مرندی
پریسا مهران[1]
تاریخ دریافت: 1/4/91
تاریخ تصویب: 11/9/91
چکیده
در آموزش زبان انگلیسی، فرهنگ از اهمیت ویژه­ای برخوردار است و تدریس یا عدم‌تدریس آن همواره مورد بحث بوده است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی عقاید زبان­آموزان ایرانی زبان انگلیسی دربارة تدریس و یادگیری فرهنگ مقصد (آمریکایی یا انگلیسی) در آموزش زبان انگلیسی می­باشد. هم‌چنین، این پژوهش سعی بر ارائة تعریفی از فرهنگ بر اساس عقاید زبان­آموزان ایرانی زبان انگلیسی دارد. به‌منظور رسیدن به این هدف، هشتاد ­و ­نه نفر از زبان­آموزان دورۀ لیسانس دانشگاه الزهرا(س) مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. در این تحقیق، از روش پژوهش کیفی استفاده شده و داده­ها، برای ایجاد سه­گانه، از سه منبع اصلی پرسش­نامه­، مصاحبه­ و مشاهده جمع­آوری شدند. نتایج نشان داد که زبان­آموزان ایرانی زبان انگلیسی فرهنگ را بیشتر شامل عقاید، سنّت­ها، آداب و رسوم و روش زندگی می‌دانستند. به­طور­کلی، زبان­آموزان موافق تدریس و یادگیری فرهنگ مقصد هستند اما بر اساس نظر آنها، تدریس و یادگیری فرهنگ مقصد باید در راستای معیارهایی صورت گیرد.
 
واژه­های کلیدی:فرهنگ، تدریس فرهنگ، یادگیری فرهنگ، عقاید زبان­آموزان  
 
 
 



[1] parisa_mehran@yahoo.com

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Iranian EFL Learners' Beliefs about Culture and its Reflection on Teaching English Language

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parisa Mehran
  • Elahe Sotodenama
  • Seyede susan Marandi

Al-Zahra University

چکیده [English]

 
 
 
Iranian EFL Learners' Beliefs about Culture and its Reflection on Teaching English Language
 
 
Parisa Mehran[1]
 
Elaheh Sotoudehnama[2]
 
Seyyedeh Susan Marandi[3]
 
 
 
Received: 2012/06/21
Accepted: 2012/12/01
 
 
 
 
Culture has always  been of utmost importance in English language teaching (ELT) and there are arguments for and against its teaching. This study was an attempt to explore Iranian EFL learners' beliefs about teaching/learning the target (i.e., American or British) culture in the realm of ELT; it also tried to arrive at a definition of culture based on the interpretations of Iranian EFL learners. To achieve this goal, eighty-nine undergraduate students from Alzahra University participated in the present study. In this study, a qualitative research method was used. To achieve triangulation, the data were collected from three main sources: Questionnaires, interviews, and observations. The findings revealed that the learners of this study mainly perceived culture in terms of beliefs, traditions, customs, and way of living. In general, the results of this study demonstrated that the learners supported teaching/learning the target culture in ELT but they believed some criteria should be taken into consideration.
 
 
Keywords: culture, culture teaching, culture learning, learners' beliefs.



[1] Doctoral Candidatet, English Language Dept; AlzahraUniversity,  parisa_mehran@alzahra.ac.ir


[2] Associate Professor,English Language Dept; AlzahraUniversity, (corresponding author),   esotoude@alzahra.ac.ir              


[3]  Associate Professor, English Language Dept; Alzaha University, susanmarandi@alzahra.ac.ir        

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • culture
  • culture teaching
  • culture learning
  • learners' beliefs

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