نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

چکیده

Role of Topic Shift and Violence of Grice Principles in Interrogation: Forensic Linguistics
 
NegarMomeni[1]
 
CyrousAzizi[2]
Received:2011/02/04
 
Accepted:2015/04/06
 
Abstract
 
Forensic linguistics is a new interdisciplinary branch of applied linguistics and law which utilizes language and linguistic evidence to analyze spoken and written texts technically. It helps police and judges to uncover the truth in lawsuits or proves the occurrence or non-occurrence of a crime in criminal cases in the courts. Discourse analysis is feasible using several tools and principles, including "Grice cooperative principles”. This study aims to show the role of changing the subject and violation of Grice cooperative principles in interrogations. That is, the accused seeks to prolong the duration of the investigation or provide incomplete information to the interrogator officer which consistently violates these strategies. On the other hand, the legal context and power relations do not allow the accused to change the subject according to his own desire or give irrelevant answers constantly. If this happens, it can be concluded that the accused tried to mislead the interrogator in linguistic terms. This research is a fieldwork study. After tens of observations of interrogations recorded in Tehran Police Bureau, the real samples were selected, classified and studied. The authors seek to introduce these principles and demonstrate their use in interrogations.
 
Key words: forensic linguistics, interrogation, legal context, power relations
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Role of Topic Shift and Violence of Grice Principles in Interrogation: Forensic Linguistics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Negar Momeni 1
  • Syrous Azizi 2

1 Tarbiat Modares University

2 Islamic Azad university

چکیده [English]

Role of Topic Shift and Violence of Grice Principles in Interrogation: Forensic Linguistics
 
NegarMomeni[1]
 
CyrousAzizi[2]
Received:2011/02/04
 
Accepted:2015/04/06
 
Abstract
 
Forensic linguistics is a new interdisciplinary branch of applied linguistics and law which utilizes language and linguistic evidence to analyze spoken and written texts technically. It helps police and judges to uncover the truth in lawsuits or proves the occurrence or non-occurrence of a crime in criminal cases in the courts. Discourse analysis is feasible using several tools and principles, including "Grice cooperative principles”. This study aims to show the role of changing the subject and violation of Grice cooperative principles in interrogations. That is, the accused seeks to prolong the duration of the investigation or provide incomplete information to the interrogator officer which consistently violates these strategies. On the other hand, the legal context and power relations do not allow the accused to change the subject according to his own desire or give irrelevant answers constantly. If this happens, it can be concluded that the accused tried to mislead the interrogator in linguistic terms. This research is a fieldwork study. After tens of observations of interrogations recorded in Tehran Police Bureau, the real samples were selected, classified and studied. The authors seek to introduce these principles and demonstrate their use in interrogations.
 
Key words: forensic linguistics, interrogation, legal context, power relations
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: forensic linguistics
  • interrogation
  • legal context
  • power relations

-                آخوندی، محمود (1384)  آیین دادرسی کیفری، جلد پنجم، تهران: نشر میزان، چاپ دوم.

-                بیابانی، غلامحسین و سیدکمال هادیانفر(1384) فرهنگ توصیفی علوم جنایی، تهران: نشرتاویل.

-           عزیزی، سیروس (1389) پایان‌نامه کارشناسی ارشد «نقش راهبردهای کاربردشناسی زبان در کشف جرم: رویکرد زبان‌شناسی حقوقی»، تهران: دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی.

 

-  Arrigo, Bruce A., (1996) “The Contours of Psychiatric Justice: A Postmodern  Critique of Mental Illness, New York:Criminal Insanity, and the Law, Garland Publishing.

-  Coulthard, Malcom (2010) Handbook of Forensic Linguistics, UK: Routledge Publication.

-  Cutting, Joan (2002) Pragmatics and discourse:A Resource Book for Students, London and New York: Routledge.

-  Foucault, Michel (1972) “The Discourse on Language’, Trans. by Rupert Swyer. Reprinted in The Archaeology of Knowledge And The Discourse on Language. Trans. by A.M.

-    Gibbons, John (2003) Forensic Linguistics An Introduction to Language in the Justice System, USA: Blackwell publishing.

-    Hoult,  Elizabeth; Johnson, Alison (2010) Handbook of Forensic Linguistics, UK: Routledge Publication.

-       Longman Contemporary Dictionary (2006) USA: Longman Publication.

-      Olsson, Jonson (2004) Forensic Linguistics: An Introduction to Language, Crime and the Law, London: Continuum.

-      Sik Hung NG, Bradac J.James (1993) Power in Language, vol. 3, London: SAGE publications.

-      Toolan, Michael. (2009) "Legal definitions", Language and Communication, 1-11

-      Yule, George (2000) Discourse Analysis, New York: Cambridge university press.