نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد

3 دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

نوا پریشی یکی از اختلالات تولید گفتار است که در آن بیماران زبان پریش قادر به کاربرد درست علائم نواختی نیستند. نواخت همچنین نشانه ای ضروری برای درک زبان گفتاری است. پژوهش حاضر که از نوع تجربی است با هدف بررسی درک منحنی های آهنگ در بیماران فارسی زبان مبتلا به زبان پریشی بروکا انجام شده است. آزمودنی های این پژوهش تعداد ٣ نفر مرد فارسی زبان هستند که بصورت ساده و هدفمند از میان بیماران زبان پریش مراجعه کننده به واحد گفتار درمانی مرکز آموزشی، پژوهشی و درمانی قائم شهر مشهد انتخاب شدند. درک منحنی های آهنگ بیماران با استفاده از آزمونی که بر اساس آزمون درک منحنی های آهنگ در زبان پریشی برای زبان فارسی بومی شده بود، مورد سنجش قرار گرفت. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که افراد زبان پریش بروکا قادر به تشخیص هر سه منحنی آهنگ (جملات خبری، پرسشی و تأکیدی ویژه) مورد آزمون بودند. اما، آنها عملکرد ضعیف تری نسبت به افراد گروه شاهد داشتند. بنابراین بطور کلی، پژوهش حاضر تأیید می کند که درک منحنی های آهنگ و به تبع آن توانایی های واجی تقریبأ سالم باقی مانده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Perception of intonational contours in Persian Broca’s Aphasics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azam Meykade 1
  • Payam Sasannejad 2
  • Ali asghar Rostami Abusaeedi 3
  • Abas ali Ahanghar 1

چکیده [English]

Perception of Intonation Contours
 in Persian-Speaking Broca Aphasics
 
Ali Asghar Rostami Abusaeedi[1]
 Abbas Ali Ahangar[2]
 Payam Sasannejad[3]
 Azam Meykadeh[4]
 
 
Received: 2015/06/24
Accepted: 2015/11/15
 
 
Abstract
Dysprosody is a disorder of speech production in which  aphasic patients are not able to apply the prosodic cues correctly. Prosody is also an essential cue for the perception of spoken language. The present study, an experimental research, aimed at exploring the perception of intonation contours in Persian-speaking Broca Aphasics. The participants of this study included three Persian-speaking males who were selected by simple and purposeful sampling method from patients directed to the speech therapy unit in Ghaem Educational, Research and Treatment Centre of Mashhad. The ability of Broca Aphasics to comprehend intonation contours was assessed via Persian adapted Comprehension Test of Intonation Contours in Aphasia. The findings of the research showed that the Broca Aphasic individuals were able to distinguish the three intonation contours (neutral declaratives, yes-no questions, and narrow focus) tested; however, they demonstrated a poorer performance than the control group. Thus, generally speaking, the present study confirms that the perception of intonation contours and consequently the phonological abilities remain virtually intact. The present study confirms that the perception of intonation contours and consequently the phonological abilities remain virtually intact.
 
Keywords: Dysprosody, Broca Aphasia, intonation contours, Persian language, perception, phonological abilities
 



[1] Professor, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman,- Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. rostamiabu110@yahoo.com


[2] Associate Professor, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Sistan and Baluchestan.  ahangar@english.usb.ac.ir


[3] Assistant Professor, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Department of Neurology, Ghaem Hospital. sasannejadp@mums.ac.ir


[4] MA, General Linguistics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Sistan and Baluchestan. a.meykadeh@modares.ac.ir,( Corresponding Author).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dysprosody
  • Broca’s aphasia
  • Intonational contours
  • Persian language
  • perception
  • phonological abilities

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